Satellite-Based Energy Balance for Mapping Evapotranspiration with Internalized Calibration „METRIC…—Applications. Richard G. Allen; Masahiro Tasumi; Anthony Morse; Ricardo Trezza; James L. Wright; Wim Bastiaanssen; William Kramber; Ignacio Lorite; Clarence W. Robison.
DOI: 10.1061/ ASCE 0733-9437 2007 133:4 395
Recent satellite image processing developments have provided the means to calculate evapotranspiration ET as a residual of the surface energy balance to produce ET “maps.” These ET maps i.e., images provide the means to quantify ET on a field by field basis in terms of both the rate and spatial distribution. The ET images show a progression of ET during the year or growing season as well as its spatial distribution. The mapping evapotranspiration at high resolution with internalized calibration METRIC is a satellite-based image-processing procedure for calculating ET. METRIC has been applied with high resolution Landsat images in southern Idaho, southern California, and New Mexico to quantify monthly and seasonal ET for water rights accounting, operation of ground water models, and determination of crop coefficient populations and mean curves for common crops. Comparisons between ET by METRIC, ET measured by lysimeter, and ET predicted using traditional methods have been made on a daily and monthly bas s for a variety of crop types and land uses. Error in estimated growing season ET was 4% for irrigated meadow in the Bear River basin of Idaho and 1% for an irrigated sugar beet crop near Kimberly, Id. Standard deviation of error for time periods represented by each satellite image averaged about 13 to 20% in both applications. The results indicate that METRIC and similar methods such as SEBAL hold substantial promise as efficient, accurate, and inexpensive procedures to estimate actual evaporation fluxes from irrigated lands throughout growing seasons.