The State of California has been supporting regional climate change research for more than a decade. These studies have complemented research at the national level and have been designed to inform climate policy deliberations and actions in California. This Research Catalog provides basic information about past and ongoing climate change related studies that state agencies have conducted or commissioned since the early 2000s. The purpose of this catalog is to document California’s research efforts and to facilitate the exchange of information.
To find out more about these projects, please click here to obtain contact information for representatives from different state agencies.
The objective of this research project is to collect and analyze longitudinal and spatial in-use vehicle data from households that own PEVs. A wide array of data will be collected from all vehicles within the households – both PEV and non-PEV – in order to improve emissions estimates at the vehicle, household, and fleet levels. The data will also be used to inform potential demand on the electrical grid as well as the need for potential future supporting infrastructure.
AEROSOL MEASUREMENTS AND SOURCE IDENTIFICATION IN SUPPORT OF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SULFUR STUDY COMPANION TO CALNEX 2010
Lead Agency: ARB in collaboration with UCD
Principal Investigator(s): Wexler
Year finished: 2010, Budget: $320,000
CONDUCT SAMPLING USING ROTATING DRUM IMPACTORS AS PART OF THE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SULFUR STUDY BEING CONDUCTED BY ARB STAFF, AND DELIVER FIELD DATA AND QUALITY ASSURANCE RESULTS TO ARB.
A FIELD EXPERIMENT TO ASSESS THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION PROVISION ON HOUSEHOLD ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION
Lead Agency: ARB in collaboration with UCLA
Principal Investigator(s): Mathew E. Kahn
Year finished: 2011, Budget: $322,003
Published/Product: http://www.arb.ca.gov/research/single-project.php?row_id=64843 Notes
THE CONTRACTOR WILL CONDUCT AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH PROJECT TO ILLUMINATE THE IMPACT OF VOLUNTARY MEASURES DESIGNED TO REDUCE RESIDENTIAL ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION. THE CONTRACTOR WILL DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT SEVERAL INTERVENTIONS TO HELP RESIDENTIAL CONSUMERS REDUCE ELECTRICITY USE (E.G. PROVISION OF INFORMATION REGARD CONSUMPTION AND MEANS OF REDUCING CONSUMPTION), WORK WITH A UTILITY TO IMPLEMENT THE INTERVENTION IN A RANDOMLY SELECTED SUBSET OF CUSTOMERS, AND CARRY OUT COMPLEX SPATIAL AND ECONOMETRIC ANALYSES TO DETERMINE THE EFFICIENCY IN REDUCING HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION AS WELL AS COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF THE EFFORT.
AIRBORNE AND GROUND-BASED WHOLE AIR SAMPLING DURING CALNEX 2010
Lead Agency: ARB in collaboration with UCI
Principal Investigator(s): Dr. Donald Blake
Year finished: 2009, Budget: $447,456
CALNEX 2010 : Collection of whole air samples and subsequent laboratory analysis to quantify concentrations of an extensive suite of chemicals important as greenhouse gases and precursors of photochemical smog. Samples will be collected in canisters at ground sites and on a research aircraft that is contributed by NOAA.
(1) Contractor (principal investigators) would use advanced personal environmental control system (PEC) instruments (such as fans/misters) and equipment available to the contractor through Center for Built Environment (CBE) and thermal manikins and anemometers to arrive at optimum air movements and cooling effects. With these PEC systems in place, assess the physiological consequences of having the building temperature set point higher during the warmer seasons, (2) Using human subjects and selected PEC instruments, characterize exposure to higher temperature set points and personal human subject use of PEC in a controlled environment chamber. Assuring human subject satisfaction, experiment with optimum energy savings and highest central temperature set point, (3) For example buildings in southern and northern California, simulate the energy saving potential of shifting the building operation strategy from strict temperature conditioning to higher indoor temperatures and increased air movement, and (4) In collaboration with industry, suggest efficient PEC prototypes that are either stand alone devices or integrated into architecture systems.
AMAX-DOAS Trace Gas Column Observations from Research Aircraft Over California
Lead Agency: ARB in collaboration with NOAA
Principal Investigator(s): Ranier Volkamer
(University of Colorado, Boulder)
Year finished: ongoing, Budget: $549,999
Published/Product: http://www.arb.ca.gov/research/single-project.php?row_id=64848 Notes
This is part of the CalNEX suite of projects. Objectives include both SIP support and climate change. Results will be of immediate use to support PM2.5 attainment strategies as well as clarify the role of SOA in climate change. Vertically resolved measurements of aerosols will refine our understanding of particles' climate forcing impacts, since these impacts are altitude dependent and include, e.g., interaction between clouds and particles.
This study will provide information to help local governments better evaluate the potential economic impacts of smart growth policies, plans and projects. Existing examples of such analysis are limited. The goal of the proposed research is to develop and systematically apply a complete, objective, and reliable framework of benefit-cost analysis, including both financial and non-financial metrics, to a series of smart growth case studies specific to California. Results will assist local agencies’ decisions in the land use and transportation planning process and development of sustainable communities strategies needed to meet the goals of SB 375.
THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WOULD PROVIDE INFORMATION TO ASSIST LOCAL AND REGIONAL GOVERNMENTS TO IMPLEMENT SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES STRATEGIES DEVELOPED UNDER SB 375. THE PROJECT WOULD IDENTIFY AND QUANTIFY ECONOMIC BENEFITS AND COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH SPECIFIC SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES, INCLUDING IMPACTS ON LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, COMMUNITIES, AND INDIVIDUALS. THE FOLLOWING STEPS WILL BE TAKEN TO ACHIEVE PROJECT GOALS: A. DEFINE SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES. CONDUCT FOCUSED REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE THAT IDENTIFIES AND QUANTIFIES RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS. IDENTIFY VALID, PORTABLE METHODS OF ASSESSING THE BENEFITS AND COSTS OF SPECIFIC SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES. B. IN INTERVIEWS WITH LOCAL AND REGIONAL LAND-USE AND TRANSPORTATION POLICY-MAKERS AND OTHER DOMAIN EXPERTS, IDENTIFY KEY SMART GROWTH IMPLEMENTATION ISSUES, DATA SOURCES FOR BENEFIT-COST ANALYSIS, AND CRITERIA FOR CASE STUDY SELECTION. WITH ARB APPROVAL, SELECT CASES FOR STUDY. C. PERFORM 4-6 CASE STUDIES OF COMPLETED SMART GROWTH PROJECTS IN CALIFORNIA, PROVIDING QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF BENEFITS AND COSTS, INCLUDING BOTH MARKET GOODS AND NON-MARKET GOODS, (SUCH AS ENVIRONMENTAL CO-BENEFITS). SOME CASE STUDIES MAY EVALUATE POTENTIAL APPROACHES TO MITIGATION DESIGNED TO MAXIMIZE BENEFITS BY INCENTIVIZING KEY ACTORS. INVESTIGATORS WILL ANALYZE CASES WITH THE WIDEST POSSIBLE APPLICABILITY TO CALIFORNIA’S LOCAL GOVERNMENT DECISION-MAKERS. D. PRODUCE AND PRESENT A FINAL REPORT ON RESEARCH FINDINGS AND METHODS. THE FINAL REPORT WILL DRAW ON INTERMEDIATE DELIVERABLES AND WILL ASSIST ARB AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES TO SUCCESSFULLY DESIGN AND IMPLEMENT SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES (“SMART GROWTH”) STRATEGIES BY IDENTIFYING THE CIRCUMSTANCES UNDER WHICH SMART GROWTH STRATEGIES ARE LIKELY TO HAVE NET BENEFITS, AND THE LESSONS OF THEIR IMPLEMENTATION.
ARE THERE ANY COUNTERACTING EFFECTS THAT REDUCE THE GLOBAL WARMING BENEFITS ATTRIBUTED TO DIESEL AND OTHER BLACK CARBON CONTROLS
Lead Agency: ARB in collaboration with UCSD
Principal Investigator(s): Russell
Year finished: 2010, Budget: $114,751
Published/Product: http://www.arb.ca.gov/research/single-project.php?row_id=64856 Notes
REDACTING BC EMISSIONS IS A VIABLE CONTROL STRATEGY FOR CLIMATE CHANGE PROTECTION THAT IS EXPECTED TO HAVE AN IMMEDIATE AND REGIONAL IMPACT. POLICY MAKERS AND AIR QUALITY REGULATORS ARE SEEKING BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE MAGNITUDE AND IMPORTANCE OF THE BC RADIATIVE IMPACTS AND THE SUBSEQUENT CLIMATE RESPONSE IN ORDER TO BETTER ASSESS THE ROLE OF BS IN THE CONTROL PROGRAMS. THIS PROJECT WILL PROVIDE USEFUL NEW MEASUREMENTS AND ANALYSIS OF IMMEDIATE VALUE FOR UNDERSTANDING THE PATHWAYS BY WHICH BC MAY BE IMPORTANT IN CLIMATE CHANGE, AND WILL ENHANCE THE INFORMATION AVAILABLE FOR POLICY.