The State of California has been supporting regional climate change research for more than a decade. These studies have complemented research at the national level and have been designed to inform climate policy deliberations and actions in California. This Research Catalog provides basic information about past and ongoing climate change related studies that state agencies have conducted or commissioned since the early 2000s. The purpose of this catalog is to document California’s research efforts and to facilitate the exchange of information.
To find out more about these projects, please click here to obtain contact information for representatives from different state agencies.
Search results for 2015 Research Projects
Air and water impacts from direct land application of un-composted green waste
Lead Agency: Cal Recycle in collaboration with ARB
Principal Investigator(s): Peter G. Green
(UC Davis, Civil & Environmental Engineering)
Year finished: 2015, Budget: $175,000
As pressure for direct land application of un-composted green waste increases, the potential air quality and water quality impacts need to be determined.
Assessment of Bay Area Gas Pipeline Vulnerability to Sea Water Intrusion
Lead Agency: CEC
Principal Investigator(s): Radke, John
(The Regents of the University of California on behalf of the Berkeley campus)
Year finished: 2015, Budget: $425,000
The Contractor will map the location of gas pipelines to estimate the total extent of gas pipelines in the San Francisco Bay Metropolitan region and the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta region that are at risk to sea level rise.
CO2 to Oil Production Using Kiverdi's Novel Microbial System
Lead Agency: CEC
Principal Investigator(s): Lisa Dyson
Year finished: 2015, Budget: $747,126
This project will use a newly developed chemoautotrophic technology, in which an organism obtains its nourishment through the oxidation of inorganic chemical compounds as opposed to photosynthesis. Chemoautotrophic microbes convert CO2 to oils by using chemical energy to drive the conversion of CO2captures CO2 directly from flue gas sources to produce high-value oils and palm oil-equivalents. This approach has a small footprint because it does not require light. In the process, microbes convert CO2 to oils by using chemical energy to drive the conversion of CO2, rather than sunlight as in algae or plants. The Rather, the microbes grow on waste carbon sources and resist many contaminants that can be toxic to strains of bacteria and algae.
Creating and mapping an urban heat island index for California
Lead Agency: Cal EPA
Principal Investigator(s): Haider Taha
Year finished: 2015, Budget: $100,000
AB 296 (Skinner, 2012) states: “It is the intent of the Legislature that . . . The California Environmental Protection Agency shall develop a definition for the urban heat island effect. The definition shall include the extent and severity of an urban heat island effect index for California cities such that the cities can have a quantifiable goal for heat reduction.” The primary purpose of this work is to provide CalEPA, ARB, and other State agencies with quantitative estimates of an Urban Heat Island Index for California cities. Potential uses for this information include: (1) use in a future version of the CalEnviroScreen; (2) as a way to help quantify tbenefits of various Sustainable or Cool Communities strategies; and (3) as a tool for improving the evaluation of the public health effects on California residents of excess heat exposure.
Effects of Ultrafine Particulate Matter Exposure in an Animal Model of Neurodegenerative Disease
Lead Agency: ARB
Principal Investigator(s): Michael Kleeman
Year finished: 2015
The objectives of this study are to determine: 1) whether long-term exposure to ultrafine particulate matter (UFPM) is associated with the development of neurodegenerative processes in a mouse model of Parkinson’s disease; 2) whether UFPM exposure accelerates progression of innate immune responses in the brain; and 3) whether cognitive or behavioral deficits develop as a result of UFPM exposures.
Investigation of Discrepancies in Regional Climate Projections for California
Lead Agency: CEC
Principal Investigator(s): Dan Cayan
(Scripps Institution of Oceanography)
Year finished: 2015, Budget: $300,000
Climate change is affecting California's temperature and precipitation patterns, and these changes in turn directly or indirectly affect energy generation and consumption. Regional climate models are an essential tool to estimate how climate may change in California in the rest of this century and to estimate the vulnerabiliyt of the energy system (e.g., effect of reduced snowpack on hydropower generation during the summer peak demand season). However, the climate projections generated by regional climate models do not necessarily agree with each other, in some cases in significant ways, resulting in considerable uncertainties for impacts and adaptation studies for the energy sector. This is specially the case for precipitation when regional climate models may even disagree in the sign of the change (i.e., an increase or decrease in precipitation levels). Given the importance of these projections to the energy system, there is an acute need to better understand the reasons for the differences in the climate projections, which features of the models need improvements, and how to correctly interpret the differences in modeling outputs. This is a foundational type of work that is necessary to develop more realistic climate projections for California. In turn, improved projections are essential for improved characterization of impacts to the energy sector and to develop cost effective adaptation measures.