Consequences of climate change on natural and human systems. Depending on the consideration of adaptation, one can distinguish between potential impacts and residual impacts. Potential impacts are those that may occur given a projected change in climate, without considering adaptation.
Susceptibility to change or harm. The degree to which a system is exposed to, susceptible to, and (un)able to cope with and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes.
Adjustments in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, aimed at minimizing harm or taking advantage of beneficial opportunities.